A hairdresser is a
universal term referring to someone whose occupation is to cut
or style hair in order to change or maintain a person's image.
This is achieved using a combination of hair coloring,
haircutting and hair texture techniques.
Some barbers prefer to see themselves as hairdressers or
hairstylists. There is a common disbelief that barbers do not
perform any service other than hair cutting and that
cosmetologists perform all coloring and perms. In fact,
barbers can cut hair, trim beards, color, perm, provide
facials and shave. They are also licensed to work with
artificial hair replacement products. Many working stylists
are legally barbers. There is some professional rivalry
between barbers and cosmetologists, both of which are licensed
and regulated. At one time, both groups were allowed to cut
hair, but only barbers were allowed to shave or trim beards:
this required mastering the arcane technique of using a
straight razor. Today, barbers and stylists may be found
working side by side in establishments known as male salons.
Male salons have afforded the barber the opportunity to remain
traditional in all aspects of the term, yet also progressively
contemporary as fashion and trends evolve. In male salons,
hairstylists and barbers seek to accommodate the modern male
hairstyle trends by employing traditional hair styling and
straight razor shaves with modern practices such as texture
techniques and color.